Cousins in Yorkshire
John R. Schuerman
In the 1910s and early 1920s Eleanor Blanche Tempest, the wife of Arthur Cecil Tempest, wrote a manuscript, Tempest Pedigrees, in which she traced the Tempests from the 12th Century to her day. The early Tempests were ancestors of Peter Worden I, the immigrant to Massachusetts in the 1600s. The manuscript is in the British Library in London (Add. MS 40,670) and a copy exists at Broughton Hall, near Skipton, in Yorkshire. I have spent a number of hours at the British Library in the last two years examining this manuscript. It is a large folio document of 22 sheets, the text area of each sheet is about 24 by 20 inches. It is written in small black script, with citations in red ink and various coats of arms scattered about, in color. It is quite beautiful. The sheets are crammed with information about the early Tempests, with meticulous documentation. The earliest Tempest recorded on these sheets is Roger, who lived in the early 12th Century and was an associate of the Rumellis, who established the monastery of Embsay, the predecessor of Bolton Abbey. Mrs. Tempest appears to be the source for pedigrees of the Tempests found in Burke's Landed Gentry, Family Records, and Peerage and Baronetage, although none of those pedigrees matches the EBT manuscript exactly.
Eleanor Blanche Tempest was born in 1853, the daughter of Edward Reynard of Sunderlandwick, East Riding Yorkshire. Her husband Arthur Cecil Tempest held the Tempest estate at Broughton as a direct male descendant of the earliest Tempests. She died in 1928. She was a remarkable woman. Blind in one eye, she undertook extensive genealogical studies of her husband's heritage and of other families of Yorkshire. Ms. Tempest acquired a large library of genealogical books at Broughton Hall, as well as manuscripts and other documents. It is evident that she spent many hours at the British Museum, the Bodleian Library at Oxford, the Public Record Office, and public and private repositories in Yorkshire and Lancashire. In addition, she was evidently in close contact with other antiquaries of the day and other collectors of ancient documents. She was a member of the Historical Society of Lancashire and Cheshire and wrote a number of articles in its Proceedings as well as in the Genealogist, the Yorkshire Archaeological Society journals, and the Bradford Antiquary. She was also a wood carver, responsible for a number of mantel pieces in Broughton Hall.
Bracewell, the original manor of the Tempests, has not been in the family since the mid-seventeenth century. However, Broughton Hall, not far away and just off the A59 highway, continues in the Tempest family to this day. Peter Worden I was descended from Isabel Tempest, whose brother, Roger, established the branch of the family at Broughton in the early 15th Century. Last September, Rex and Pat Warden and my wife Charlotte and I had the pleasure of visiting Broughton Hall. We were met there by Henry Roger Tempest, Eleanor Blanche Tempest's grandson and a descendent of Roger, who was a most gracious host.
Broughton is a very large estate, covering almost 3000 acres. Broughton Hall is a large and impressive house. Henry gave us a tour of the mansion, including reception rooms, sitting rooms, and a bedroom containing a wonderfully carved four-poster bed designed by Eleanor Blanche. Of course, I was particularly interested in the library, which has thousands of books, including many genealogical volumes collected by Eleanor Blanche. I have spent many hours tracking down many of these volumes in libraries in this country and in England, so it was remarkable to see them all together in this private library. The house is wonderfully appointed, with antique furniture, paintings, and richly colored wall coverings. There are portraits of a number of the Tempests. Henry took us into the attic, where many of his grandmother's records are stored: boxes and boxes of materials she gathered in her genealogical explorations.
Attached to the house is a quite large church in which Roman Catholic services are regularly held and to which the public is invited. The Tempests were first given a license for a private chapel in 1453. The church is brightly painted in blue, red, and gold and is quite lovely. The church contains a large rendering of the Tempest coat of arms, a drawing of which was published in the February 2005 issue of Wordens Past.
After visiting the house and chapel, Henry Tempest took us through the lush conservatory, with a rich variety of plants and flowers, to the grounds at the back of the house. The house is in a beautiful location on the edge of the Yorkshire Dales, and rolling hills rise around it. The grounds are immaculately trimmed, with Roman-like statues and shaped hedges.
Henry is the second son of Roger Stephen Tempest (1876-1948), the son of Eleanor Blanche and Arthur Cecil. He spent some time at Oxford, studying mathematics and physics, but the Second World War interrupted his studies and he joined the Scots Guards. As a junior officer, he saw action in Belgium and Germany, where he was wounded. After the war, Henry spent time in Rhodesia where he married an Englishwoman whose family were living there. They returned to England in 1961 with two daughters who had been born in Africa and Henry worked at the University of Oxford as a financial officer. In the attic, Henry showed us memorabilia from his military career and his time in Africa.
Henry succeeded to the estate upon the unexpected death of his older brother, Stephen, in 1970. At the time, families with large estates in England were having difficulties maintaining them due to heavy estate taxes and the costs of upkeep. Henry decided to explore the possibility of making use of some of the estate for commercial purposes. When I first heard that Broughton Hall was now the home of an "industrial estate" I was quite concerned that this ancient property might have been altered significantly, given the meaning of "industrial park" in this country. I need not have worried. The outbuildings of the estate have been rehabilitated and now house offices of a number of small firms, some of them high-tech businesses. A couple of small new buildings have been constructed. A recent addition is a pavilion, which can be used for meetings and recreation. It has all been done quite tastefully. You can see some of the buildings, the grounds, and a view of the main house at http://www.broughtonhall.co.uk/. A few years ago Henry gave control of the estate to his son Roger Henry Tempest who now manages the business.
After visiting Broughton Hall, my wife and I went to London, where I spent time at the National Archives and the British Library, where I again studied Ms. Tempest's manuscript. Charlotte visited the O'Shea gallery in St. James Street where Annie Tempest's cartoons are shown. Annie is Henry's daughter. Annie's cartoons focus on a middle aged couple who preside over Tottering Hall in North Pimmshire. Coincidently, the Hall has remarkable similarities to Broughton Hall.
You may view some of her work at www.tottering.com where you can also buy prints, postcards, and books of her cartoons. There is also a picture of Annie and her daughter.
In 1987, Henry Roger commissioned and privately printed a book by M. E. Lancaster, The Tempests of Broughton (the front matter indicates it is available from The Estate Office, Broughton Hall, Broughton, Skipton, N. Yorkshire, BD23 3AE). This book is based largely on Ms. Tempest's manuscript, with additional material on the Tempests since 1920. Lancaster also had access to the archives in Broughton Hall. The book gives some sources, apparently mostly copied from the manuscript, but much of it is undocumented. It is a useful resource, but not a substitute for the manuscript. Lancaster is my source for the brief account I have given of Henry Tempest's career and some of the facts about his grandmother's life.
My article in the November issue of WP shows the descent from the earliest known Tempests to Peter Worden, but I reproduce it here again:
Roger Tempest living 1151
Richard Tempest living 1153
Roger Tempest m. ca 1188 Alice daughter of Elias de Rilleston
Richard Tempest living 1222 m. Elena de Tong
Sir Richard Tempest d. ca 1268
Sir Roger Tempest d. before June 1288 m. Alice daughter of Walter de Waddington
Richard Tempest d.1297
Sir John Tempest, b. 1283, d. shortly after 1356
Sir John Tempest b. ca 1313 m. Katherine Sherburne
Sir Richard Tempest b. ca 1334, d. 1390 m. Mary Talbot
Sir Richard Tempest b. 1356, d. 1428 m. Margaret Stainforth
Isabel Tempest m. Laurence Hamerton d. 1449
Alice Hamerton m. Richard Sherburne d. 1441
Agnes Sherburne m. Henry Rishton d. 1490
Nicholas Rishton d. 1508 m. Margaret Radcliffe d. 1528
Agnes Rishton m. Richard Worthington d. 1526
Peter Worthington d. 1577 m. Isobel de Anderton d. 1573
Isobel Worthington d. 1580 m. Robert Worden d. 1580
Peter Worden I d. 1638, Yarmouth, Massachusetts